Halloween: the history and traditions of the holiday

On October 31, the world celebrates Halloween (Witches' Night), or the eve of All Saints' Day, which is considered the spookiest day of the year. According to beliefs, on this day evil spirits and evil spirits enter the earth, and to protect yourself from them, you need to wear a frightening costume or put a scary face carved from a pumpkin in the house.

History of Halloween

Actually the day is called All Hallow's Eve; if you abbreviate that name, Halloween comes out.

According to many researchers, Halloween is a Christianized holiday that derives from Celtic celebrations of the harvest and the day of the dead. The holiday probably has pagan roots and comes from Savin, a holiday celebrated by all the peoples of the British Isles. The name of the holiday comes from the word Samhain, which meant "the end of summer".

Traditions of the holiday

The Celts believed that on this evening the border between the worlds of the dead and the living opens, so that the shadows of the deceased can penetrate to earth. In order to protect themselves from them, the hearths were extinguished in the home, and people dressed as scary as possible. It was supposed to frighten the evil spirits. Also on this day people were told fortune-telling, animal sacrifices, and everyone was to bring home a sacred flame to light the winter hearth.

Nowadays, only a part of this tradition has survived. An obligatory attribute of Halloween is a pumpkin-carved human head with a sinister face, into which candles are inserted ("Jack's lamp", which has already been mentioned). It is also customary to wear costumes, but they no longer have to be scary.

As mentioned, there is a tradition of begging for sweets. Children put on a costume, take special buckets shaped like "Jack's lamp" and walk from house to house shouting "Trick or Treat!".

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